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LOVE FLORA AND FAUNA 1998

LAMPUNG
  • Mirabilis Jalapa (Indonesian : Bunga Ashar)
    Known as Four O'clock Flower, since it always blooms from 04:00 p.m. or, in the terms of Islam, at Ashar time and during the whole night. Another name of this flower is Marvel of Peru, given for its beauty of green, red, pink, white, or yellow colors. The shape of this flower inspires the style for bed cover or ornament of materials. The regeneration/reproduction looks very easy by using its seed.
  • Elephas Maximus Sumatranus (Indonesian : Gajah Sumatra)
    This scarce species of elephant is preserved by the Government's Law of Indonesia since 1931. The Elephants of Sumatra is a smallest species in Asia, compared to ones can be found in Thailand (Elephas Maximus) and India (Elephas Maximus Maximus). Based on the record made by WWF (World Wildlife Fund), the population in 1995 was around 2,800 to 4,800, mostly found in Riau, Lampung, Aceh Special Province, South Sumatra, Jambi, Bengkulu, and West Sumatra. This elephant is well known as very wild and tend to destruct the farmery since its habitat is dicreasing caused by the unauthorized carpenter, extended settlements, and woods damage. In order to prevent and overcome the problems, there have been conducted a translocation through direct operation. In 1982 there were conducted similar efforts, namely Ganesha Operation in South Sumatra, 1984~1985 Liman I and Liman II operations in Lampung, 1986 Saudi PO Meurab operation in Aceh Special Province. These were followed up by the development of elephant training programs e.g. Way-Kambas in Lampung, Lhok Seumawe in Aceh, Sebanga in Riau, and Sebokor as the lates program was developed in South Sumatra. The translocation could result trained elephants and valuable for the tourism attraction, besides the prevention of loss in farmery.
 
EAST JAVA
  • Polianthes Tuberosa (Indonesian : Bunga Sedap Malam)
    Originated from Mexico and can be found in the whole Asian region and Europe. The species of tis flower is Amaryllidaceae. It grows in a group with sword-shaped 30cm tall, white color, sweet-smelling, and sometimes grows in a stack-form reaching 50cm tall. The reproduction is rapidly done through mulitplying itself, and blooms all over the year. The habitat is on an opened landscape up to 1,400m above sea level and directly touch by sunlight. The fragrance of this flower contains metill antamilat, the raw material of perfume, meanwhile its roots contain likorin that can be used for medicine.
  • Gallius Varius x Gallus (Indonesian : Ayam Bekisar)
    This species of rooster is originated from the mixed parents, male forest rooster (gallus varius) and ordinary female chicken. The unique of this species can be seen on its beautiful feather, well-shaped body, and well tuned cockcrow. As an attractive rooster, this species has been looked after since the colonialism era to be a symbol of tribute payment within the relatives of king or queen. The original habitat is Madura, in Kangeang Islands as the center of ranch.
 
SOUTH KALIMANTAN
  • Mangifera Casturi (Indonesian : Buah Kasturi)
    An endemic flora selected as the unique and identity of South Kalimantan province. Loval tribes calls this fruit as Kasturi to express its delicous and fragrance. The tree has a big size and 20 meters tall, many branch and leaf. The unripe fruit will taste sour and its coating is green, otherwise a browny violet tastes sweet.
  • Nasalis Larvatus (Indonesian : Bekantan)
    Known as Probosai Monkey and mostly found in the National Park of Tanjung Puting, as the safe protected habitat, with its 2,050 squared kilometers area. This species, which is also popular as Handsome Monkey, has a very long nose, friendly, big body weighted up to 24kg, very long tail, beautiful colored feather, small size head, and prefers fruits to other kind of foods. its long nose helps to stay much longer in the water, as well as symbol of male to attract female.
 
YOGYAKARTA
  • Stelechocarpus Burabol (Indonesian : Buah Kepel)
    Classified into Anonaceae and originated from Southeast Asia. The tree grows straight up around 15~20 meters with slick dark brown coating and glossy green colored leaf. This hermaphrodite tree, producing brown sweet fruit, grows on the surface around 150~300 meters above sea level and reproduces through seeds. The fruit can be used as medecine (for the urinal problem) and deodorant.
  • Geopelia Striata (Indonesian : Perkutut)
    Classified as Columbidae or small turtledove with 41 varieties, and 18 amongst can be found in Indonesia (109 groups). Generally, Indonesia has two of three groups of Geopelia i.e. Geopelia Striata (striped) and Geopelia Cuneata (dotted). The length of striped one is around 20~25cm (female: 18~20cm). Other distinctive characteristics of this group are : no stripes along the front part, brown feather on chest and transposes to yellow on tail. There are five kinds of striped turtledove may be found in Indonesia i.e.: G.s. triata (original turtledove), G.s. maungeus (Sumba), G.s. audacis (Tanimbar), G.s. papua (Irian), and G.s. placida (Irian, but originated from Australia). A difference found in this species is its competitive voice. Every year there is always held a festival with standardized criterium. The winner prices millions of rupiah.
 
NORTH SULAWESI
  • Ficus Minahasae (Indonesian : Langusei)
    A species of banyan tree in Minahasa is one of 600 specieses in the world. Langusei, which its height could reach 13 meters, has easy peeled off coating and can be made for materials or rope. Naturally, Langusei can be found in the lowland forest on 700 meters above sea level. The existence of this species, in Indonesia, is facing extinction since the reproduction is done through collecting the seed from its original. In the other words, there is still no scientific planning to preserve.
  • Tarsius Spectrum (Indonesian : Tangkasi)
    This species of animal can only be found in its reservation, Tangkoko Batuangus, southwestern Manado. This primate becomes most interesting with its shape as the smallest in Southeast Asia. Tangkasi can be seen during the night, at the time they go out for foods. They catch grasshoppers, insects, and bees by using their adhesive finger. Tangkasi has been recorded in Red data book of IUCN in 1978 as a very scarce animal that shall be preserved.
 

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION :

A. STAMP
  • Design :
    • Four O'clock Flower & Elephant from Lampung
    • Kapel Fruit & Turtle Dove from Yogyakarta
    • Tuberose & Jungle Fowl from East Java
    • Kasturi Mango & Proboskis Monkey from South Kalimantan
    • Gig Tree & Spectral Tarsier from North Sulawesi
  • Date of issue : 05 November 1998
  • Quantity : 1,000,000 sets
  • Paper : white unwatermarked
  • Gum : PVA
  • Printing process : combination of offset and Rotogravure
  • Size : 25,31 x 41,06 mm.
  • Perforation : 12,75 x 13,50.
  • Sheet composition : 20 (10x2)
 
B. FIRST DAY COVER
  • FDC + Stamps (2 pcs)
    • Quantity : 20,000 pcs
  • FDC + S/S (2pcs)
    • Quantity : 10,000 pcs
 
C. SOUVENIR SHEET
  • Design :
    • Tuberose from East Java
    • Proboscis Monkey from South Kalimantan
  • Quantity : 175,000 pcs