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WWF CONSERVATION STAMP COLLECTION 1996

The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), formerly World Wildlife Fund is one of the largest and most respected private conservation organizations in the world. It is based in Gland, Switzerland and has a world-wide network of 23 National Organizations, 4 Associates and 22 Programme Offices. Since its founding in 1961, WWF has conducted more than 11,000 projects in 130 countries. WWF now emphasizes the preservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of natural resources and the reduction of wasteful consumption and pollution.

In 1989 Indonesia issued a WWF stamp series for the first time, depicting Orangutan (Pongo Pygmaus). On 2 October 1996, Indonesia once again issues a stamp series named "WWF Conservation Stamp Collection". This time the series depicts Javan and Sumatran Rhinos, two of the rarest and vulnerable animals in the world.

Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Sondaicus) is considered to be one of the rarest and endangered of all mammals. Once it ranged over Bengal and Assam, through Burma, Malaya, Sumatra and Java but now only two populations remain. Up to 15 rhinos live in Cam Cat Tien (Vietnam) and about 55 are left in Ujung Kulon Reserve and National Park on the westernmost tip of Java, their last home in Indonesia.

Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus Sumatrensis) is the smallest of the five existing species of rhinoceros. It is more hairy than any of the others and has two horns on its snout. Today rhinoceroses are found only in small scaltered populations living in rugged Sumatra. They regularly visit favorite mud wallows and this habit has made them especially vulnerable to poachers and hunters who seek their valuable horns for use in Chinese medicines. Ironically, this protuberance is only a mass of keratin much like a giant fingernail and has no known pharmaceutical properties.

The issuance of this stamp series is meant to raise awareness of the publick on the importance of conservation of the two species. Along with the stamps, other philatelic items are also issued namely souvenir sheet, sheetlet, first day covers, maximum cards and stamp pack.

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION :

A. STAMP
  • Design : Javan and Sumatran Rhinos
  • Date of issue : 2 October 1996
  • Quantity : 750,000 pcs for each design (187,500 sheets x 16 stamps)
  • Paper : white unwatermarked
  • Gum : PVA
  • Printing process : combination of offset and Rotogravure
  • Size : 25,31 x 41,06 mm.
  • Perforation : 13,50 x 12,75.
  • Sheet composition : 16 (4x4)
B. FIRST DAY COVER
  • FDC + Stamps (two FDCs)
    • Quantity : 20,000 pcs
  • FDC + S/S
    • Quantity : 5,000 pcs
C. SOUVENIR SHEET
  • Quantity : 60,000 pcs
D. SHEETLET
  • Quantity : 500,000 pcs
E. MAXIMUM CARDS
  • Quantity : ??? (set of 4 cards)
F. STAMP & SOUVENIR PACK
  • Quantity : ???